International human rights groups have blasted Bahraini regimeâ€™s crowd-dispersal policies following the release of a leaked government purchase request for massive amounts of riot control weaponry supplies.
Bahrainâ€™s Ministry of the Interior issued a tender in June, seeking supplies of 1.6 million tear gas canisters and 145,000 stun grenades, according to the document obtained by UK-based rights group, Bahrain Watch.
The number of tear gas shells the Saudi-backed government in Bahrain intends to purchase is greater than the countryâ€™s population of 1.2 million.
The watchdog has alleged South Korean companies could be most likely bidders, taking into account they have a record of supplying tear gas to Bahrain.
South Koreaâ€™s DaeKwang Chemical acknowledged that it exported around 1 million units of tear gas to Bahrain between 2011 and 2012, according to a senior executive, Kim Jong-bae, as sited in European press reports.
This is while the Bahrain Watch has launched an online campaign, urging internet users to bombard the companies exporting tear gas to Bahrain and the authorities approving such sales with condemnatory emails.
â€œTear gas is supposed to be ‘non-lethal’, but Bahrain’s police use large amounts of tear gas in residential areas, even when there are no protests, and sometimes shoot tear gas directly into houses. The police also fire the canisters directly at people’s heads, which has caused serious injuries and deaths,â€ the text of the message reads.
Signatories to the message have been welcome to share their own stories of tear gas exposure.
â€œI live in Sehla â€“ Bahrain. Tear gas became a daily routine that we got used to, I would never dare open the window driving into town, knowing that I could suffocate and drive into a lamp post on the way. My wife is pregnant and we bought gas masks and put them in our cars,â€ one of such stories by a user named Anon reads at the campaignâ€™s web-page.
Other rights groups joined the campaign. US-based Human Rights Watch reacted to the al-Khalifa regimeâ€™s purchase proposal by reportedly stating that Bahraini security forces had â€œrepeatedly used tear gas disproportionately and sometimes unlawfully in suppressing antigovernment demonstrations.â€
Another watchdog, Human Rights First, has called on Washington to intervene and slam the sales. The US reportedly halted its own exports of tear gas to Bahrain in 2012 due to human rights concerns.
â€œTear gas is being used in an indiscriminate, inappropriate and lethal way. The US should publicly oppose all sales of tear gas to Bahrain while it is being abused by the police,â€ said Brian Dooley of Human Rights First.
Bahrain has seen regular opposition rallies since the beginning of the Arab Spring in February 2011. It has on many occasions been criticized for excessive use of force in handling riots. According to estimates by Physicians for Human Rights, 39 deaths in Bahrain over two-and-a-half years were caused by tear gas.
Tear gas was most recently used to disperse crowds which clashed with police in Bahrain on Wednesday in a village near capital Manama, at the funeral of 17-year-old Ali Khalil Sabbagh. Protesters insist he was shot by security forces of the despotic regime, which argues the teenager was a â€œterroristâ€ and died when a bomb that he was making exploded.