The helmet of Major Aziz Bhatti (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider, resting on his rifle near the spot where he fell after being hit by an Indian shell. PHOTO: ISPR
Most neutral historians agree that the 1965 India-Pakistan war ended in a stalemate; yet, both countries today claim to have delivered a crushing defeat on the other side.
In an era before most South Asian newspapers could afford embedded reporting, media outlets in both countries relied mainly on official statements in their reporting on war. The way the media on both sides reported the 1965 war itself and the events than followed made it possible for establishments of both countries to interpret conclusions of the war according to their own choice.
And while the debate over who won the war is likely to never be settled, we can agree that we owe a debt of gratitude to the soldiers who gave their lives protecting our borders.
Here, we look back at the some of the most intriguing pictures from the war that lasted almost 17 days.
On left Major General Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan briefing the then Field Marshal Ayub Khan during a visit to forward positions. A company commander monitoring the progress of the operation on right.
An operational squadron of Pakistani tanks on the move.
Indian Prisoners of War (POWs) captured during 1965 war participating in three-legged race in a POW camp.
Pakistani soldiers celebrating after hoisting a Pakistani flag on an Indian check post, while on right, Indian flag is being replaced by the Pakistani one.
A Pakistani tank in action in Chhamb Sector.
Pakistani soldiers atop captured Indian tanks.
Pakistani Desert Force after capturing the Loganewala posts.
(L) Pakistani flag can be seen hoisted on the captured Ghutaro Fort as officers of Pakistan Army pose for a picture. A Pakistani soldier stand guard in front of Kishangarh Fort (R).
Pakistani soldiers pose in front of a captured tank of India’s Poona Horse Regiment.
Undeterred by the freezing snow, Pakistani soldiers holds position in Azad Kashmir.
A Pakistani soldier sitting next to a milestone in the Indian town of Khem Karan.
A soldier stand guard outside Kishangarh Fort (L). Pakistani soldiers hoist a Pakistani flag at an immigration check post in Munabao.
A Pakistani flag can be seen hoisted on the Kishangarh Fort, Rajasthan.
Turkish and Iranian nurses tending the injured soldier (L). Then president and Field Marshal Ayub Khan presents Major Aziz Bhatti’s Nishan-e-Haider to his widow.