The ISIS has grown beyond Syria and Iraq, extending its operations into other parts of the Middle East and North Africa by establishing alliances and absorbing other terrorist groups, Washington post reports.
Data from IHS Jane’s Terrorism and Insurgency Center reveals how the group has claimed responsibility for carrying out attacks across the region.
Although ISIS in recent month have been experienced major setbacks in Iraq and Syria by these countries Army and Popular forces but data from IHS Jane’s Terrorism and Insurgency Center reveals how the group has claimed responsibility for carrying out attacks across the region.
INFOGERAPHIC; Syrian Army Advancement against Terrorist Groups
The map below reflects a year of ISIS attacks following the capture of Mosul, one of Iraq’s most important cities. Since then, the militant group has carried out many attacks including a suicide bombing in Abha, Saudi Arabia, beheadings in Egypt, Libya and Turkey and most recently, a blast in Baghdad Thursday that left at least 60 people killed.
According to these analysis the majority of ISIS attacks carried out in Syria and Iraq, where the group’s campaign began. Groups in other countries frequently pledge allegiance to the ISIS but are not always accepted. In some cases, the ISIS leadership formally declares some of these regions as part of its so-called caliphate.
In November, the ISIS leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, announced the establishment of eight new wilayat in Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Algeria. It was the first time the ISIS formally had claimed territory outside Syria and Iraq after the group was formed in February 2014. Of the eight new provinces, only the three in Libya successfully control territory.
In January, the ISIS formed a new wilayat straddling the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, an area that historically has been the core of al-Qaeda’s operations. This is seen as a further sign that the ISIS is challenging al-Qaeda after previously declaring a wilayat in Yemen, home to al-Qaeda’s most active wing.
In addition, the ISIS announced a new wilayah in Russia’s North Caucasus region, splintering the territory of an al-Qaeda group that has operated in the region since 2007.
Perhaps the most notable inclusion in the caliphate is Boko Haram, which pledged allegiance to the group in March. This gives the ISIS a chance to maintain a presence across a wide arc of North and West Africa, and increases the chances of groups in the ISIS’s North African wilayat collaborating with Boko Haram, according to Matthew Henman, manager of IHS Jane’s Terrorism and Insurgency Center.
“There are already reports of Boko Haram militants having fought alongside local ISIS militants in Derna recently,” he said, referring to the city in Libya.
After its separation from al-Qaeda in early 2014, the ISIS focused on expanding its territory only in Syria and Iraq. The group caught the world’s attention when it took over Mosul, one of Iraq’s largest cities, more than five months after it split with al-Qaeda. In November, the ISIS started claiming responsibility for attacks outside Syria and Iraq. The first of many high-profile attacks it carried out or claimed to have inspired outside its region came in January 2015, when gunmen attacked tourists in Tunisia. Since then, attacks claimed by the ISIS have increased rapidly. The latest is believed that ISIS is responsible for Russian Tourist Jet down in Sinai unrest region in south of Egypt which many believed ISIS Bomb is the main reason behind the crash which killed 224 people on-board.
AUG. 8, 2015 Abha, Saudi Arabia. 15 killed
A 21-year-old suicide bomber carried out the attack at a mosque. An audio recording from the ISIS just before the bombing said that Saudi Arabia would not “enjoy peace” due to its involvement with the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq and Syria.
JUNE 26, 2015 Kuwait City, Kuwait. 27 killed
A suicide bomber from ISIS affiliate Najd Province killed 27 people and wounded dozens more in the first terrorist attack in Kuwait in more than 20 years. The victims had just finished prayers at a mosque in a residential neighborhood when the bomber entered and detonated his device.
JUNE 26, 2015 Sousse, Tunisia. 38 killed
A gunman opened fire on beachgoers at a resort frequented by Europeans in what is widely seen as a campaign to devastate Tunisia’s tourism industry. Many of the dead and injured were from Britain.
JUNE 20, 2015 Sanaa, Yemen. 2 killed
A car bomb at a mosque in Sanaa’s Old City killed two people and wounded at least six. The ISIS said the bombing at the Qabat al-Mahdi mosque was aimed at Shiite Houthis, who seized control of Sanaa in September 2014.
JUNE 17, 2015 Sanaa, Yemen. 4 killed
Several suicide car bombings killed four people and injured dozens on the eve of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
MAY 22, 2015 Qadeeh, Saudi Arabia. 21 killed
The ISIS’s first acknowledged attack in Saudi Arabia killed at least 21 people and wounded 123 in a suicide bombing at a Shiite mosque in the village of Qadeeh. Worshipers were celebrating the birth of a 7th-century Shiite saint.
MAY 20, 2015 Sirte, Libya. 23 killed
ISIS fighters launched a multi-pronged attack on Libyan militias. It was unclear who fared better. The ISIS said it seized vehicles, weapons and a military base from the militias, but the militias claimed victory and said they killed at least 23 ISIS fighters.
MAY 5, 2015 Garland, Texas None
Two gunmen, including a man once suspected of seeking to join militants in Somalia, opened fire on police blocking their way to an Insulting cartoon exhibit contest against Islam and its holy Prophet Muhammad(PBUH).
APRIL 18, 2015 alalabad, Afghanistan. 34 killed
A suicide bomber detonated an explosive vest outside a bank, where government workers waited in line to pick up their salaries. At least 34 people were killed and 125 injured. If the attack was carried out by the ISIS, it would represent its farthest civilian target to date outside the Middle East and North Africa.
APRIL 13, 2015 Tripoli, Libya. 2 killed
The day before a bomb explosion damaged the Moroccan Embassy, two guards were killed in gunfire at the South Korean Embassy. The ISIS gave no reason for the attacks.
APRIL 2, 2015 Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. 17 killed
Fifteen soldiers and two civilians died when militants simultaneously attacked five Army checkpoints across the Sinai Peninsula with grenade launchers and assault rifles.
MARCH 21, 2015 Sanaa, Yemen. 137 killed
Four suicide bombers detonated their explosives at two mosques in Sanaa, killed at least 137 people and wounded more than 300. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has carried out similar attacks in Yemen but denied the mosque bombings.
MARCH 18, 2015 Tunis. 22 killed
Two Tunisian gunmen stormed Bardo National Museum and killed a security officer and 21 tourists from countries including Italy, Spain, Britain, Japan and Colombia. Dozens more were injured. Police killed the gunmen. This was the first time the ISIS claimed to have an operation in Tunisia.
FEB. 15, 2015 Libya. 21 killed
A video released by the ISIS in Libya appeared to show fighters beheading Egyptian Coptic Christians on a beach in Libya. Twenty of the 21 victims were identified by the Coptic Church as members who had been taken hostage in December and January in the coastal city of Sirte.
JAN. 29, 2015 Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. 27 killed
Four attacks killed at least 27 people within a few hours in the North Sinai and Suez provinces. Most of the dead were killed in the bombing of a military base and hotel in al-Arish. An Army officer died at one of two attacks at checkpoints, and a police officer was killed by a roadside bomb. Read more.
JAN. 27, 2015 Tripoli, Libya. 10 killed
Five Libyan security guards and five foreigners, including an American contractor, were killed when masked gunmen opened fire in the lobby of the Corinthia Hotel and a car bomb exploded at the gate. The Tripoli branch of the ISIS claimed responsibility.
JAN. 7, 2015 Paris. 17 killed
Two brothers attack the offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo, killing 10 people inside and two police officers outside. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and ISIS in a conflicting reports claimed were rivals to get responsibility for the attacks. The next day, a man claiming to act in the name of the ISIS killed a police officer at a traffic stop, and the day after that he shot four hostages at a kosher supermarket. The three gunmen claimed to be working together; all were killed.
JAN. 5, 2015 Arar, Saudi Arabia. 3 killed
Four militants, one wearing a suicide vest, killed three guards in an attack at Iraq’s border with Saudi Arabia. It marked the first time the ISIS directly attacked the Saudi military, and it was the closest it came to breaching the border since it declared a caliphate in June 2014.
In this year ISIS continues its savage attacks in Iraq and Syria and other parts of the worlds. But in Iraq and Syria ISIS has experienced huge setbacks by activation of popular forces.
In Syria Russia has been conducting precision airstrikes at ISIS positions at the request of President Bashar al-Assad since September 30.
Since the beginning of the air campaign, Russian Air Force has destroyed over 2,000 ISIS terrorist positions.
Several hundred militants have been killed, and dozens of command centers and depots have been destroyed in over 1,600 sorties, according to the Russian General Staff.
By Russian Air helps, Syria Army and popular forces started massive offensive against terrorists in different parts of the country.
Also in Iraq, Iraqi Army and popular forces have succeeded to retake control of many region from ISIS terrorist group by updating its air force, creating popular force brigades and Re-gathering police and army forces in area the scene of ISIS savages attacks.