Fatimah- az- Zahra’ (SA)â€œUmmu ‘l-A’immahâ€.Â
Title: az- Zahra’.Â
Agnomen: Ummu ‘l-A’immah.Â
Father’s name: Muhammad ibn `Abdillah.Â
Mother’s name: khadijah bint khuwaylid.Â
Birth: Born in Mecca of Friday, 20th jumada ` th-thaaniyah in the fifth year after the declaration of the prophet – hood (615 AD).Â
Death: Died at the age of 18 in Medina on 14th Jumada ‘ l-ula 11 (to some 3rd Jamad â€˜l Thani) AH ( 632 AD); buried in the graveyard called Jannatul-Baqi in Medina.
The verse of relationship, from the Quran, says:
“Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin. ‘And if anyone earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect there of for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service).”(42: 23)
The Holy Prophet said:
” Whoever injures (bodily or sentimentally) Fatima, injures me; and whoever injures me injures Allah; and whoever injures Allah practices unbelief. O Fatima! If your wrath is incurred, it incurs the wrath of Allah; and if you are happy, it makes Allah happy too.”
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had frequently said:Â
“Fatimah is a part of me. Whoever makes her angry, makes me angry.”
– Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5, Traditions #61 and #111Â
– Sahih Muslim, section of virtues of Fatimah, v4, pp 1904-5
Every morning on his way to the Mosque, he would pass by Fatima’s house and say: “peace be on you O the Household of prophet hood and the source of Messengership”.
The good and noble lady Khadijah (SA)and the apostle (SAWW) of Allah bestowed all their natural love, care and devotion on their lovable and only child Fatima (As), who in her turn was extremely fond of her parents. The princess of the House of the Prophet was very intelligent, accomplished and cheerful. Her sermons, poems and sayings serve, as an index to her strength of character and nobility of mind. Her virtues gained her the title “Our Lady of light”.
Her stances were stances for the right, and her sorrow was the sorrow for the issue (Islam), and her joy was the joy of the message; the depth of Islam was manifested in the depth of her personality and she amassed within herself all the Islamic human virtues, since being the Doyenne of the Women of the World implied that she should be at the highest level, spiritually and morally.
History abolished people upon their death, because their existence is encapsulated in the span of their lives. But then there are those who remain les their bodies (physical matter) remain beyond. Fatimah (s.a) is placed at the pinnacle of these people, since you cannot mention the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) without mentioning her. She was his product and the spirit inside his body; and you cannot mention Ali (a.s) without mentioning her as she was his companion in life and suffering; and you cannot mention Imam Hassan, Imam Hussein and Zainab (s.a) without mentioning her as she was the secret of purity in their childhood and of their personalities throughout their lives.
We have seen her in her motherhood as the greatest of mothers, and we have seen the cruelty imposed by that role on her weak body, but she withstood all this with an open mind and with patience. Then we saw her fulfilling her different missionary responsibilities when she stirred up the conscience of the nation, and presented the greatest lesson in how to deal with the circumstances following the death of the Prophet (PBUH). She held that stance which has proved itself over time and stayed valid to the present, and will ever be.
Praise upon the Lady of Jannah Fatima (SA) to whom we owe our lives to.