In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful… “Surely We have given you abundance, So pray to your Lord and sacrifice, Surely your enemy is the one who shall be without posterity”
The above surah of holy Quran was revealed in honor of Fatima Az-Zahra (p). It is known by the name of Al-Kauthar because of the abundance that came from her.
Sayedah Fatima Az-Zahra (p) was known by nine different names of which FATIMA was the most special.
Her names are:
FATIMA: Imam As-Sadiq (p) quoting his father said, “The Messenger of Allah said: O’ Fatima, do you know why you have been given the name Fatima?” Imam Ali (p) said: ‘Why was she named Fatima?’ The Prophet (p) replied: ‘Because she and her followers (Shiites) are protected from the fires of hell.’”
ZAHRA: She is called Az-Zahra because as Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet of Allah (p) said: “Surely my daughter Fatima is the Mistress of all women from the beginning to the end. She is a part of me, and the light of my eyes. She is the flower of my heart, and is my soul. Fatima is a human huri, who whenever she stands in prayers in the presence of her Lord (Exalted is His name), her light illuminates the skies for the angels, like stars shine to people on Earth.”
TAHIRA: She is At-Tahira because Allah revealed in the Quran the ‘Ayah of Purification’, “And Allah only wished to keep all abomination far from you, oh members of the family, and to keep you pure and spotless.”(33:33)
MARDHIYA: She achieved this name and rank through her good deeds that pleased Allah and made Him well satisfied with her. “Return to your Lord, well-pleased (with him), well-pleasing (Him). (89:28)
SIDDIQA: The Arabic word ‘sidq’ means truth. Fatima was As-Sidiqqa because she was a truth-teller. She never lied. Her deeds conformed to her words. She never lied because she was used to truthfulness. She believed in the commands of Allah and his Prophet (p), without doubting at all.
BATOOL: Fatima was purified in the verse of purification, (33:33). This meant that she was not only pure from sins but she was also cleansed from impurities like childbirth bleeding and menstruation. It is narrated that Asma bint Umais said: “When Fatima gave birth to Al-Hassan, she did not bleed. She also does not have menstruation bleeds. When I informed the Prophet of Allah of this, he said: ‘Don’t you know that my daughter is chaste. She does not discharge blood as a result of childbirth or menstruation.’”
ZAKIYA: Fatima was pure and free from all sins so for that reason she is called Az-Zakiya.
ATHRA’A: She was named Al-Athra’a because Fatima never lost her maidenhood. The Prophet said, “My daughter Fatima is a female huri.” Explaining this Imam As-Sadiq (p) said, “Because (huris) are created from pure goodness where no blight can alter them, nor does senility inflict them…menstruation does not pollute them.”
MUBARAKA: She was named Al-Mubaraka because abundant blessings came from her. The most significant was the blessing of eleven Imams whom she is the mother of.